Posts tagged history
Posts tagged history
Construction (1961) and destruction (1989) of the Berlin Wall.
Details of Vant and Charun (demons of the underworld in Etruscan mythology) on an urn. Made of terracotta, Mid 2nd century BC, Etruscan, said to be from Chiusi.
The Passage graves at Ekornavallen, in Hornborga Parish, Falköping Municipality, Västergötland, Sweden. These graves date from the Neolithic age to the Iron age, 3000 BC - 500 AD.
Photos courtesy & taken by Västgöten
1938 Rotogravure Ishtar Gate, Babylon
The Tune ship was the first Viking ship to be excavated and is still the third-best preserved Viking ship in the world.
The Tune ship was found in 1867 on Nedre Haugen farm at Rolvsøy, near Fredrikstad. The burial mound in which the Tune ship lay was unusually large, about 80 metres in diameter and about four metres high, making it one of the country’s largest burial mounds. In the years before the excavation, much of the earth in the mound had been removed for use elsewhere. The mound had also been opened and partly excavated previously. This meant that oxygen had been introduced, which had started to decompose the ship inside.
The Tune ship was built in around 900AD and is clinker built of oak. The ship probably had 12 oar holes on each side. That would mean a crew of 24 oarsmen plus a steersman and lookout. But no oars were placed in the ship when it was buried.
The ship is estimated to have been 18.7 metres long and 4.2 metres wide, with 12 rows of strakes. The upper rows of strakes and posts are gone, and as it stands today, the ship has only the 10 lowest rows of strakes, although there are holes and marks where the upper two rows were fixed. The two extra strakes would have given a high enough freeboard to prevent quite high waves from swamping the ship.
Casual reminder that wands are not fluffy! Ancient Egyptians used wands in their Heka stuff. This right here is an Ancient Egyptian wand.
there are a lot of fantastic beasts on this wand too! i love every detail of it!
They are great! Look at the sheer amount of peen on that wand!
kemeticism 101: penises are everywhere even (and especially) on wands
were part of a good thing here
Kemeticism consists entirely if penis. If its nsfw, it should probably be in Kemeticism
Druids Temple at Ilton – North Yorkshire
- She is coming, mum…
In Norwegian folklore Pesta was the evil personification of the Black Plague. She was an old, ugly woman, dressed in black and she went from cottages to castles, to farms and small cabins, everywhere. If she used the rake, someone could survive. If she used the broom, everyone was going to die.
Norway lost 2/3 of its population, 80 % of the nobility perished. The survivors lived all over the country, often isolated in narrow valleys. The population was small and did not recover to a normal level until the potato was introduced 150 years ago.
Norway lost its indepence and was ruled by Denmark until 1814, and by Sweden until 1905. The poor, defiant, isolated and independent peasant was the seed for the very typical egalitarian Norwegian who lives in this frozen land of the North up to this day.
Drawing by Theodor Kittelsen, 1896
The oldest religion known to man is so ancient, that no written word or Bardic song is left to speak of its practice. All that remains of this primeval myth is a series of small figurines scattered across the European continent. Yet as vague as these statutes are in revealing their primordial Secrets, some fragments of truth can still be gleaned from their primitive features. The figurines depict a full and curvaceous woman, suggesting its use as a fertility symbol, (woman who were full and healthy were more likely to give birth and mother children). However, the voluptuous form may also have symbolised female perfection, something our ancestors saw fit to sculpt and immortaliste.
Some Ancient African Kingdoms: Great Zimbabwe, Numidia, the Mali Empire, the Songhay Empire. Since Europeans started to talk about and attempted to claim Ancient Egypt history (that popular kingdom people “love” but they don’t even know why), everyone followed…You can all have it.
- The Mali Empire or Manden Kurufaba was a West African empire of the Mandinka from c. 1230 to c. 1600. The empire was founded by Sundiata Keita and became renowned for the wealth of its rulers, especially Mansa Musa I. The Mali Empire had many profound cultural influences on West Africa, allowing the spread of its language, laws and customs along the Niger River. It extended over a large area and consisted of numerous vassal kingdoms and provinces. Today part of Burkina Faso, Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal.
- The Songhay Empire was a state located in western Africa from the early 15th to the late 16th century. This empire bore the same name as its leading ethnic group, the Songhai. Its capital was the city of Gao (today in northern Mali), where a Songhai state had existed since the 11th century. Its base of power was on the bend of the Niger River in present day Niger and Burkina Faso.
- Numidia (202 BC – 46 BC) was an ancient Amazigh kingdom located on the province of Mauretania (Ancient “Libyan” land) to the west, the Roman province of Africa (modern day Tunisia) to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Sahara Desert to the south. Its people were the Numidians.
- The Kingdom of Zimbabwe (1220–1450) was a kingdom located in the territory of modern-day Zimbabwe. It is famous for its capital, Great Zimbabwe, the largest stone structure in Southern Africa until recent times.
Pictures: Great Zimbabwe ruins and remains of the Numidia Kingdom. Credits: List of Kingdoms in pre-colonial Africa
March 20, 1602: The Dutch East India Company is founded.
The Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-indische Compagnie) was founded through the sponsorship of the Dutch government, who granted it a monopoly over trade in the East Indies through a charter that was set to expire after twenty-one years. The company could, through this charter, build forts and conduct military and diplomatic activities in the area, which would help to protect and direct Dutch trade in the East Indies (the Dutch Republic was, at the time, engaged in the Eighty Years’ War against Spain).
During its nearly two centuries in existence, the Dutch East India Company became the first company to issue stock, and also the first (or second) multinational company; in addition, it is, according to some estimates, the most valuable company in history - adjusted for inflation, it is valued at $7.4 trillion. The VOC also came into direct competition with the British East India Company, especially after the Dutch took over many Asian settlements and holdings previously held by the Portuguese over the course of the Dutch-Portuguese War. One of its most famous leaders was Jan Pieterszoon Coen, who served as its Governor-General twice, helped to expand and strengthen its reach, and also founded the capital of the Dutch East Indies - Batavia, today called Jakarta.
The company reached the height of its power in the late 17th century but soon went into decline thanks to corruption and poor management, and its hegemony over trade in the East Indies disintegrated until its dissolution in 1800. The territories that had been colonized by the VOC became the Dutch East Indies, to be administrated by the Dutch government, who finally granted the colony independence in 1949 after over three centuries of Dutch rule.
we did a long and great roleplay adventure set within the VOC several years ago (diverse WOD characters)
Grave Circle A in Mycenae is a 16th century BC royal cemetery situated to the south of the Lion Gate, the main entrance of the Bronze Age citadel of Mycenae, southern Greece.
Once part of a large cemetery outside the acropolis walls, Grave Circle- A was discovered within the Mycenaean citadel by Heinrich Schliemann, who excavated it in 1876 under the supervision of the Greek Ephor of Antiquities Panagiotis Stamatakis.
Grave Circle A comprises six rectangular vertical shaft graves, which measure from 3.0 by 3.5 meters in width to 4.5 by 6.4 meters in length. These shaft graves consist of two parts: the main shaft itself, which is cut into the bed-rock and a larger pit surrounding it. After the grave goods were deposited in the main shaft, a wood or flagstone cover supported by the shaft’s sides was set in place and the larger pit was filled with earth.
The tombs in Grave Circle A contained a total of nineteen burials: nine males, eight females and two infants. With the exception of Grave II, which contained a single burial, all of the other graves contained between two and five inhumations. The deceased were placed on their backs, generally on an east-west axis. Schliemann cleared Graves IV and Stamatakis excavated Grave VI one year later. The pottery finds from Graves I, II, III and VI indicate a range of dates from the end of the Middle Helladic period to the Late Helladic IIA period, that is, from the 16th to the early 15th centuries BC.
The amazing wealth of the grave gifts reveals both the high social rank and the martial spirit of the deceased: gold jewelry and vases, a large number of decorated swords and other bronze objects, and artefacts made of imported materials, such as amber, lapis lazuli, faience and ostrich eggs. All of these, together with a small but characteristic group of pottery vessels, confirm Mycenae’s importance during this period, and justify Homer’s designation of Mycenae as ‘rich in gold.’
The discovery of Grave Circle A startled the entire world with its momentous finds. It brought to light a great and hitherto unknown civilization, and paved the way for the study of Greek prehistory. The excavation of Mycenae has expanded Schliemann’s fame and gave him the title of the “father of the Mycenaean archaeology”. (via greek-thesaurus)
Photos courtesy & taken by Jeanhousen
The premier of Metropolis 1927